Self examination

ABCDEF system to check moles

Asymmetry - the two halves of the area differ in their shape.

Border – the edges of the area may be irregular or blurred, and sometimes show notches.

Colour – this may be uneven. Different shades of black, brown and pink may be seen.

Diameter – most melanomas are at least 6 mm in diameter.

Evolution – rapid change in a pre-existing mole.

Funny - if it looks odd

This tool can be used to map existing moles and to monitor for any changes. This tool should be used once a month.

Please click the link below for decision aid and skin checking form from the melanoma focus group.

If you have any concerned regarding any changes to your skin or moles please contact a health professional.

How to prevent a second skin cancer

Sun Protection.

Stay out of the sun and seek shade in the hottest part of the day 11 a.m. - 3p.m.

High factor sunscreen. Use a sunscreen of SPF 30 or more to protected against UVB rays and a 4/5 UVA stars to protect against UVA rays. Sunscreen should be used in the UK between the months of March to October. Always use sunscreen in hot climates and increase SPF to factor 50.

UV protective sunglasses.

Protective clothing. Look for clothing with natural fibres such as cotton which have closely packed fibres. Use clothing to help protect yourself from the sun such as long sleeved T-shirt and long shorts

Use a wide brimmed hat

Do not use sunbeds or sunlamps.

Please click here for further information on how to reduce the risk of skin cancer

How to check lymph nodes

What are the aims of this leaflet?

This leaflet has been written to help you to understand more about how to check your lymph nodes yourself. It tells you why you should be doing it, what lymph nodes should be checked, how often they should be checked and how to check them, and where you can find out more about this issue. 

Please click here to download a leaflet on how to check lymph nodes.