Osteoporosis is a bone weakening condition which can lead to bones becoming fragile and at risk of fractures. Osteoporosis occurs most commonly in postmenopausal women, men over 50 years and in patients taking long-term oral corticosteroids (glucocorticoids).
Other risk factors for osteoporosis include increasing age, vitamin D deficiency and low calcium intake, lack of physical activity, low body mass index (BMI), cigarette smoking, excess alcohol intake, parental history of hip fractures, a previous fracture at a site characteristic of osteoporotic fractures, and early menopause. Some diseases are also known to be associated with osteoporosis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. Certain medications may also increase the risk of fracture in some patients, through mechanisms such as induction of liver enzymes which interfere with vitamin D metabolism.
Osteoporosis is managed with a combination of lifestyle and drug treatment to prevent further bone weakening and fractures.
Please see the links below for more information on available support groups and charities relevant to this condition.
Many rheumatological conditions are classed as long- term conditions meaning that either you will live with them for many years or in some cases indefinitely.
While medical science continually works hard through research to find improvements to medical treatment for these conditions, we know that there are many ways in which you can help yourself.
Have a look below at some information leaflets through the links to help with your self-management.
If you have severe pain affecting your sleep and daily activities, if you have had a serious injury or you have symptoms that have not improved with self-management, you should contact your GP practice. If you have a red, hot swollen joint please ring 111